The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations in pursuance of one of the primary purposes of the UN: “to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace.” The Court operates under a Statute which forms part of the Charter, as well as under its own Rules. It began work in 1946, when it replaced the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ) which had been established in 1920 under tire auspices of the League of Nations.
The Court is composed of 15 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council. It is assisted by a Registry, its administrative organ. Its official languages are English and French.
International Court of Justice is to become one of the key components in the strategy of peaceful settlement of disputes and disagreements between the states and to ensure law and order in the world.